Customization tips

Use flycheck instead of flymake

(when (load "flycheck" t t)
  (setq elpy-modules (delq 'elpy-module-flymake elpy-modules))
  (add-hook 'elpy-mode-hook 'flycheck-mode))

Enable emacs 26 flymake indicators in an otherwise light modeline

(setq elpy-remove-modeline-lighter t)

(advice-add 'elpy-modules-remove-modeline-lighter
            :around (lambda (fun &rest args)
                      (unless (eq (car args) 'flymake-mode)
                        (apply fun args))))

See also the associated issue

Auto-format code on save

Elpy allows you to auto-format your code with C-c C-r f (elpy-format-code). Many people find it useful to auto-format their code automatically on save. This can be achieved with the following snippet:

(add-hook 'elpy-mode-hook (lambda ()
                            (add-hook 'before-save-hook
                                      'elpy-format-code nil t)))

The formatting function (elpy-format-code here) can be replaced with your preferred one. For example to use black:

(add-hook 'elpy-mode-hook (lambda ()
                            (add-hook 'before-save-hook
                                      'elpy-black-fix-code nil t)))

Alternatives to elpy-goto-definition

Fallback to rgrep

You may sometimes find when you try to navigate to a function/class definition with elpy-goto-definition (M-.), that instead of jumping to the definition, you get the message “No definition found”. If you see this error often (because of the nature of the code you work on), you can use the following function instead of/in addition to elpy-goto-definition:

(defun elpy-goto-definition-or-rgrep ()
  "Go to the definition of the symbol at point, if found. Otherwise, run `elpy-rgrep-symbol'."
    (if (version< emacs-version "25.1")
        (ring-insert find-tag-marker-ring (point-marker))
    (condition-case nil (elpy-goto-definition)
        (error (elpy-rgrep-symbol
                   (concat "\\(def\\|class\\)\s" (thing-at-point 'symbol) "(")))))

This function will try to find the definition of the symbol at point using elpy-goto-definition, but will do elpy-rgrep-symbol instead, if the former function fails to return a result. You can bind this function to the key combination of your choice, or you can bind it to M-. to use it as a replacement for the the default goto-definition function:

(define-key elpy-mode-map (kbd "M-.") 'elpy-goto-definition-or-rgrep)

Jumping to assignment

As an alternative to elpy-goto-definition, Elpy also provides the function elpy-goto-assignment that jumps to the line where the symbol at point has been assigned. For functions and classes, it behaves roughly like elpy-goto-definition but has some advantages in certain situations (like if you want to jump to a decorated function). You can try this alternative with the following code:

(define-key map (kbd "M-.") 'elpy-goto-assignment
(define-key map (kbd "C-x 4 M-.") 'elpy-goto-assignment-other-window)

Enable full font locking of inputs in the python shell

(advice-add 'elpy-shell--insert-and-font-lock
            :around (lambda (f string face &optional no-font-lock)
                      (if (not (eq face 'comint-highlight-input))
                          (funcall f string face no-font-lock)
                        (funcall f string face t)

(advice-add 'comint-send-input
            :around (lambda (f &rest args)
                      (if (eq major-mode 'inferior-python-mode)
                          (cl-letf ((g (symbol-function 'add-text-properties))
                                    ((symbol-function 'add-text-properties)
                                     (lambda (start end properties &optional object)
                                       (unless (eq (nth 3 properties) 'comint-highlight-input)
                                         (funcall g start end properties object)))))
                            (apply f args))
                        (apply f args))))

See details in and